Palm Tree in the Bible תמר

In biblical Hebrew תָמָר means “palm tree” or “date palm”.

The date is one of the seven species with which the land of Israel is blessed (Deut. 8:8):

Wheat, Barley, Grape, Fig, Pomegranate, Olive (oil), and (Date) honey.
כִּי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ, מְבִיאֲךָ אֶל-אֶרֶץ טוֹבָה: אֶרֶץ, נַחֲלֵי מָיִם–עֲיָנֹת וּתְהֹמֹת, יֹצְאִים
בַּבִּקְעָה וּבָהָר. אֶרֶץ חִטָּה וּשְׂעֹרָה, וְגֶפֶן וּתְאֵנָה וְרִמּוֹן; אֶרֶץ-זֵית שֶׁמֶן, וּדְבָשׁ

The thick syrup cooked from dates (דְבָשׁ “Date Honey”) was used as a sweetener.

Tamar is also mentioned in Genesis 38 in the “Judah and Tamar” interlude between chapters 37 and 39.

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