Book of Ruth on Shavuot

William_Blake,_Ruth_the_Dutiful_Daughter-in-law,_1803_Southampton_Art_Gallery

Shavuot (חג השבועות) literally means “(festival of) weeks”. It is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as one of the three pilgrimage festivals with different names:
חג השבועות – Exodus 34:22, Deuteronomy 16:10
חג הקציר – Exodus 26:16
יום הביכורים – Numbers 28:26
The festival is celebrated annually and falls, according to the Jewish calender, seven weeks after Pesach and concludes the “counting of the Omer”. This year we celebrate Shavuot on May 24th, 2015. It is customary in Jewish tradition to read the Book of Ruth, one of the four scrolls (Ester, Ruth, Lamentations, Song of Songs).

Study Resources for the Book of Ruth

Read the Hebrew Text Online.

One of many Translations (New International Version)

Listen to the Hebrew Reading Online.

Ruth, one of the Women in the Bible.

Free Shavuot Recipes

Ten Commandments

Moses_and_Aaron_with_the_Tablets_of_the_Law_-_Google_Art_Project

The festival of Shavuot also commemorates the giving of the Torah on Mount Sinai (מתן תורה), which is not explicitly mentioned in the biblical text, but derived from post-biblical sources. During the customary all-night Tora study,  the Ten Commandments are studied.
Exodus 20:1-17
Deuteronomy 5:4-21


Link to the 2nd century BCE  Nash Papyrus (Cambridge University Library)

 

 

 

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