Hebrew Lexicons

A good biblical Hebrew-English lexicon (or dictionary) is an indispensable tool for every student of biblical Hebrew. A few really good lexicons are available. Let’s start with the least expensive and work our way through to the most comprehensive, but most expensive one. At the end of the list you will find perfect cheat, in case you are not familiar with Hebrew word formation and the weak verbs – yet.

Brown/ Driver/ Briggs: Hebrew and English Lexicon (BDB)

A trio of eminent Old Testament scholars—Francis Brown, R. Driver, and Charles Briggs—spent over twenty years researching, writing, and preparing The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon. Since it first appeared in the early part of the twentieth century, BDB has been considered the finest and most comprehensive Hebrew lexicon available to the English-speaking student. Based upon the classic work of Wilhelm Gesenius, the “father of modern Hebrew lexicography,” BDB gives not only dictionary definitions for each word, but relates each word to its Old Testament usage and categorizes its nuances of meaning. BDB’s exhaustive coverage of Old Testament Hebrew words, as well as its unparalleled usage of cognate languages and the wealth of background sources consulted and quoted, render BDB and invaluable resource for all students of the Bible.

Unfortunately, the BDB is out of date and difficult to use because both verbs and nouns are arranged according to their root, which makes it harder for the beginner of biblical Hebrew. The good news, it is available as a

Free resource:

1. Fully Searchable Online Resource at Semitics Archive. Look up any root with ease. (special thanks to Jack W. for pointing me to that website)

2. The 1906 Edition is Available for Download From the Online Library in a Number of Different Formats.

Purchase from Amazon: The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon: With an Appendix Containing the Biblical Aramaic : Coded With the Numbering System from Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible

Gesenius’ Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament

The lexicon is outdated, but available as a downloadfree online resource.

The site provides easy access to the content with alphabetical hyperlinks.






James Strong: The Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible

A Comparative Concordance providing Dictionaries of Hebrew and Greek words with References to the English Words; showing every Word of the Text of the Common English Version of the Canonical Books.

downloadFree Download Here (1890 Edition)

The New Strong’s Expanded Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible

The Best Bible Study Tool Available

Only one concordance includes the best of Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament WordsThe New Strong’s Expanded Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible. The Hebrew and Greek dictionaries now have three times more word study information than any other edition. Plus additional cross-references from leading dictionaries make this the ultimate reference tool for pastors, teachers, and all students of the Bible.

Features Include:

  • The only Strong’s that includes Vine’s Complete Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words
  • Complete topical index of the Bible
  • Hebrew and Greek dictionaries now have three times more word study information than any other edition
  • Additional cross-references and word study helps from leading dictionaries

Langenscheidt: A Complete Hebrew-English Pocket-Dictionary to the Old Testament

downloadDownload the 1905 edition here for free.

The 1912 pocket-dictionary contains the whole vocabulary of the Hebrew Old Testament. It is very concise and doesn’t give any possible nuance of  a word. The compact nature makes it a trustworthy help to beginners and even to advanced students.

Purchase Langenscheidt’s Pocket Hebrew Dictionary (English and Hebrew Edition)




Holladay: A Concise Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament

This book is an up-to-date lexicon (dictionary) of modest price and scope for the student of biblical Hebrew and Aramaic. Until now, the English-speaking student of Hebrew has had to choose between expensive and complex large-scale lexicons or pocket-size glossaries that make no pretense of keeping abreast of current scholarship. This edition is ideal for the beginning to intermediate student of Biblical Hebrew, offering Hebrew words definitions needed to translate Old Testament passages. Hebrew words are arranged in Hebrew alphabetical order by root form. This lexicon does not use Strong’s numbers. This edition is based on the first, second and third editions of Koehler-Baumgartner Lexicon in Veteris Testamenti Libros. Edited by William A. Holladay. Familiarity with Biblical Hebrew necessary.

Purchase A Concise Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament: Based upon the Lexical Work of Ludwig Koehler and Walter Baumgartner here.

Koehler/ Baumgartner: The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament (HALOT)
By far the best biblical Hebrew lexicon!

Brill is pleased to present this Study Edition of the “The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament” in two handy volumes. It has proven to be a valuable resource for scholars and students. In this Study Edition the complete vocabulary of the Hebrew Bible, including those parts of books which are written in Aramaic, is available. The dictionary combines scholarly thoroughness with easy accessibility, and so meets the needs of a wide range of users. The enormous advances that have taken place in the field of Semitic linguistics since the days of the older dictionaries of Classical Hebrew are well documented and assessed, as well as the often detailed discussions in modern Bible commentaries of words where the meaning is particularly difficult. But the alphabetical ordering of entries rather than the traditional arrangement of words according to their roots is particularly helpful to the new student, and also saves the advanced user much time. This 2 volumes edition is an unabridged version of the five volume edition of The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament.

Purchase The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament, 2 volume set here.

A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Hebrew Language for Readers of English

by Ernest Klein

A clear and concise work on the origins of the Hebrew words and their sense development. Each of the c. 32,000 entries is first given in its Hebrew form, then translated into English and analysed etymologically, using Latin transcription for all non-Latin scripts. An indispensable source of biblical, Jewish, modern Hebrew and Near Eastern studies.

Opensource at archive.org: Download or read online


Davidson: The Analytical Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon

This standard reference tool alphabetically lists the various forms of all the Hebrew and Aramaic (formerly referred to as Chaldee) words in the Hebrew Bible with full grammatical analysis of each form and an indication of its root and meaning. Includes chart.

Look up a word as it appears in the Hebrew bible. You don’t need to know anything about parsing of a verb or the declension of a noun. Please only use in emergencies or when completely stuck.

Free Online Access: downloadDownload the ebook in a number of formats here or read online.

Purchase: Davidson: Analytical Hebrew Chaldee Lexicon